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Have you ever wondered if leaving a dog outside for an extended period of time is okay? While your pet may love being outdoors and is well-trained, it doesn't mean they will be safe. There are many dangers that your dog will experience when they’re left alone outside, such as weather conditions, poisonous plants or chemicals, or attack by other animals. Your dog may also become lonely or bored being left outside.
It's important to protect your dog from the elements, such as wind, rain, snow, and even sunshine. Different types of weather bring different considerations on how to keep your dog safe. The length of time you can leave your dog outside greatly relies on the weather. In extreme cold or hot conditions, your dog should be able to seek refuge in your home to balance out the outside temperature. There is nothing wrong with letting an active dog play in the snow for a while if they are able to come in and warm up. Similarly, a dog who enjoys sunbathing should have plenty of access to shade and cold water. Without access to your home, dogs can overheat or even freeze to death.
If your dog must be kept outside for a long period of time, invest in a kennel to give them shelter from weather conditions. Opt for one that is insulated, waterproof, and can be covered to block the sun's rays. The kennel doesn't need to be too large, just big enough for your dog to move around in comfortably. Keep it stocked with warm blankets in the winter and cool towels in the summer.
Never leave your dog unattended for long periods of time, this includes overnight. If something happens to your dog such as heatstroke or hypothermia, the longer it goes unattended the worse it will be for them. Always check on them to make sure they have enough water and are not exhibiting any signs of health issues.
- Your dog must always have access to water. Lightweight water bowls that can easily be knocked over or bumped into should be left in the house. Instead, dig a shallow hole into the ground for a bucket. Then, fill it with water and ice cubes. The ground will keep the water cool.
- Provide shade for your dog, the sun rays can overwhelm your dog. If they can't escape from the warmth, they may overheat and will not be able to regulate their body temperature. Despite misconceptions, dogs can get sunburned, primarily on their nose and ears. A place out of the sun will help prevent sunburn.
- Remember that pavement and sand are extremely hot. If your dog isn't wearing shoes like you, move them to an area with cooler flooring, such as the grass.
- Your dog needs an escape from the cold and/or winter winds. An insulated dog house provides protection from the elements. Warming lamps can also be a great investment. Similar to an incubator for baby chicks, these warming lamps can help keep your dog's outdoor kennel warm, just make sure it doesn't get too hot for them.
- Short-haired dogs need an extra layer of protection. Invest in a sweater or jacket for your pet to wear outdoors.
- Keep your dog away from any de-icer or rock salt in the winter months. These can be very irritating to your dog's paws and mucous membranes. Most concerning is that they are poisonous; your dog could die if it is ingested.
- If snow accumulates high enough that it is too hard for them to walk around, make sure to shovel a walk way for them to go potty and play. Never leave them alone if the snow is high enough to reach their neck because they could get lost in the snow and you could struggle to find them in unfavourable conditions.
- If your dog will be spending long periods outside, invest in a fence that will keep them safely confined and unable to escape. Fences also help protect your dog from wild animals. Fences or other barriers can also be beneficial to keep your dog out of places like your gardens or backyard ponds.
- Make sure your dog doesn't have access to areas in your garage where there may be toxic chemicals for your car, antifreeze, gasoline, or sharp tools that could seriously injure or kill your dog.
- Your dog needs full access to food and water and a place to relieve themselves at all times.
- Doggie doors can be useful if your dog is trained to go outside to do their business and come back in immediately. Do not be reliant on them to decide how long they stay outside, and make sure to close off the doggie door at night.
- Heatstroke: Some signs of heatstroke include vomiting, diarrhoea, blue or bright red gums or tongue, drooling, and a rapid heart rate. If your dog is slow and isn't listening to your commands, get them in the shade and cool them down ASAP.
- Hypothermia: The Animal Humane Society says to watch for a "weak pulse, dilated pupils, decreased heart rate, extreme shivering, pale or blue mucous membranes, body temperature below 35 degrees, stupor and unconsciousness. Consequences of extreme hypothermia may include neurological problems including coma, heart problems and kidney failure."
Consider your dog's emotions before leaving them outside for an extended period. Dogs are pack animals, and your human family is their new pack. They want to be close to you, and you enjoy their company as well. Allow your dog to explore the outdoors, but always keep your door open for them to return inside.
Erin Ollila is a pet enthusiast who believes in the power of words and how a message can inform, and even transform its intended audience. Her writing can be found all over the Internet and in print. Reach out to her on Twitter @ReinventingErin or learn more about her at http://erinollila.com.