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Eggs are a great source of protein. They can be delicious when boiled, fried or scrambled for breakfast; they're key parts of many favourite desserts; and they're sometimes surprisingly delicious on burgers. Raw or undercooked eggs, however, can expose humans to dangerous bacteria, such as Salmonella. Is the same true for our four-legged friends?
If you're an egg lover, it only makes sense that you'd want to share some with your dog. But, can dogs eat eggs? Let's find out whether or not eggs are a safe food for your dog, and discover safety precautions surrounding this popular food.
Can Dogs Eat Eggs?
Believe it or not, dogs can eat eggs! Eggs are high in protein and contain many essential fatty acids and essential amino acids. This makes them a yummy — and healthy — snack when cooked or boiled. Eggs can also be an important source of protein in some commercial dog foods.
As with any treat, it's important to use moderation when feeding home-cooked eggs to your dog. Even though they're a fantastically healthy food, it's possible for your dog to eat too many eggs or, with repeat overfeeding, to become obese. Before you start adding eggs to your dog's meal plan, ask your veterinarian how you can safely introduce them to your dog's feeding.
Can Dogs Eat Raw Eggs?
Although cooked eggs can be a nutritious treat for your dog, raw eggs are dangerous. As with humans, raw eggs can expose dogs to harmful bacteria, such as Salmonella, which can then spread back to their pet parents (especially those with a compromised immune system). But beyond bacteria, there's another threat raw eggs pose to your dog's health: biotin deficiency.
The American Kennel Club (AKC) explains, "[Raw eggs] contain an enzyme that ties up biotin and prevents absorption of biotin into the body". Because biotin is a vitamin responsible for supporting critical bodily functions (including digestion, skin health and metabolism), deficiency puts your dog at risk of serious health complications.
If your dog has accidentally consumed some raw eggs, it's important not to panic. Although the aforementioned issues are frightening, they're rare. If your dog has eaten raw eggs for the first time and their digestive system isn't accustomed to them, they may experience issues such as diarrhoea or vomiting for a day or two after consumption. If you're noticing this issue, make sure to contact your veterinarian.
It's important to monitor your dog's health for the next week or so after they've consumed raw eggs. If you start to notice your dog exhibiting more serious, prolonged issues like lethargy or digestive symptoms, contact your vet immediately. These may be signs that your dog has contracted a bacterial infection of the GI tract.
How to Prepare Eggs for Your Dog
When preparing eggs for your dog, you'll want to think about simplicity and safety. Dogs can eat scrambled eggs, but whole boiled eggs can pose a choking hazard. When feeding your dog a boiled egg, make sure you cut the egg into bite-sized pieces that are easy for them to chew and swallow.
Unlike in your own breakfast, your dog's eggs should be prepared without any of the additives we use to bolster taste, such as oil, salt and butter. High salt intake may aggravate heart disease in dogs. Meanwhile, fats like oil and butter can contribute to weight gain, which puts your dog at risk of obesity-related health issues such as diabetes and osteoarthritis.
It's also worth noting that you should always let the eggs cool down before you provide them to your dog. Most dogs don't have the same reservations for thinking about how hot the food is before gobbling it down and could burn their mouths if they eat them right off the stove. Also, always remember to consider calories as part of your dog's daily meals. If you introduce eggs to their meal plans, make sure that these "extra snacks" do not account for more than 10 percent of their daily caloric intake without proper permission from your veterinarian. While eggs can be nutritious for your dog, they still need plenty of other nutrients to keep them happy and healthy, which is why a properly balanced premium dog food is always recommended.
When properly cooked and served in moderation, eggs can be an excellent addition to your dog's meal plan. By keeping your recipes simple and ensuring that the eggs are cut into small pieces, you could introduce your dog to a brand-new, healthy treat that they'll love for the rest of their lives.
Erin Ollila is a pet enthusiast who believes in the power of words and how a message can inform—and even transform—its intended audience. Her writing can be found all over the internet and in print, and includes interviews, ghost writing, blog posts, and creative nonfiction. Erin is a geek for SEO and all things social media. She graduated from Fairfield University with an M.F.A. in Creative Writing. Reach out to her on Instagram @ErinOllila or learn more about her at http://erinollila.com.
Reviewed by Dr. Hein Meyer, DVM, PhD, Dipl-ECVIM-CA and Brana Bonder, B.S, M.S